Given the Indonesian Indigenous Building Earthquake Resistant

As tectonic activity could not be separated from Indonesia. Having traversed the path area fire ring is a cluster of volcanoes in the Pacific region, which means the path that passes this becomes prone to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Did GNFI comrade behind this seismic threat, Indonesia has the technological heritage that is valuable?

This is earthquake-resistant houses, the building was already there in Indonesia since time immemorial. The earthquake-resistant homes can be found in the construction of buildings that are generally customary form of houses on stilts that can withstand an earthquake.

The building itself can be grouped into two categories, namely building tradisioal include customs hall, places of worship, and a vernacular house. Vernacular house is typical and unique building that is derived from an ancient tradition, has the ability to withstand the physical environment such as climate, earthquakes and wind.

Caption (© Own Photo)

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According to the Head of the Earthquake Research Center, Faculty of Engineering UKI Pinondang Simanjuntak, custom home on a draft structure should be symmetrical and have a level of sufficient rigidity so that the joints are not loose, as reported in.

 The use of lightweight materials such as wood and bamboo enables custom building not easily collapse because it has kelenteran against earthquakes. Additionally structures linked to one another using the pegs can be more dynamic and robust so resistant to earthquake shocks.

Each region in Indonesia has one or more types of vernacular house built on a tradition of certain regions that show the diversity and local wisdom. Even local knowledge was also adopted by countries such as Japan that almost every house there using lightweight base material.

In Indonesia alone there are some forms of traditional indigenous building reliable to withstand earthquake shaking, he them

house Tower

It must have been many who know traditional building from the Minangkabau, West Sumatra. The best known, houses the Tower has a roof construction made from fibers that curve inward. In 2009 during the earthquake, the house Tower is much that remains strong survive at the time.

Old house North Bali

The houses are located in North Bali is considered to be resistant to earthquakes, because it has a construction which utilizes pillars or wooden poles and coat of arms as well as a beam sineb. It aims to protect its inhabitants from the rubble caused by the earthquake.

Local architecture since ancient Balinese civilization already tested that long to build earthquake-resistant houses that will be transmitted to the next generation. Traditional building in North Bali is menkadi one of the key findings in a historical earthquake in Indonesia.

Custom building of Tomohon, North Sulawesi was long known as the home resistant to earthquake shocks. His name is becoming known to foreign countries, even houses made of wood and iron cempaka have been imported by the state of Argentina and Venezuela know.Home Woloan

Home Omo Hada

The greatness of Nias traditional building construction is seen in 2010 ago, when the quake-stricken Nias fairly large scale. This traditional building still stands and his position only slightly shifted.

Construction of houses Omo Hada using wooden pegs to unify turf, did not have a window but was replaced by a sort of trellis models for ventilation and has a roof that is oval.

Uniquely this traditional building has pillars irregular direction. There are upward, sideways or downward. It is said that that’s what makes this building earthquake resistant. Omo Hada custom homes are often found in the village and the village Bawomataulo Tumori.

home Laheik

Almost the same with home Omo Hada, traditional building from the Kerinci, Riau is also composed of mutually wood put together using wooden pegs and ties made from fibers mine. Laheik house usually occupied by several families.

Diversity traditional building reflects the local wisdom in the archipelago of Indonesia is an ancestral cultural heritage that we must continue to keep and preserve. Proud of Indonesia.

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