What causes earthquakes facts – An earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale in Nepal claimed more than 1,000 lives. Earlier, an earthquake 9.0 on the Richter scale rocked Japan. But, the second quake was not the two largest earthquake ever.
Trace to 1900, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS), four earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale have occurred in some parts of the world. Here are 10 of the biggest earthquake as quoted from Live Science 28th edition of April 2015.
10. Assam, Tibet, 1950 (8.6 Richter scale)
At least 1,500 people died because of the earthquake that occurred in East Tiber and Assam, India. Once an earthquake occurs, the ground, which cracked and a major landslide occurred in the two areas. Vibrations also to Sichuan and Yunna, China.
Because of the epicenter is in Tibet, the earthquake was later called Assam-Tibet earthquake or earthquake Assam. The earthquake occurred as a result of the Indian continental plate collision that goes into the Eurasian continental plate.
9. North Sumatra, Indonesia, in 2005 (8.6 magnitude)
More than 1,000 people were killed and hundreds were injured, mostly in Nias, North Sumatra, Indonesia. The quake struck just a few months after the earthquake that destroyed the region’s larger (earthquake list number 3).
The epicenter was happening below the surface of the Indian Ocean, where the Indo-Australian plate pushing the Eurasian plate in the Sunda Strait. The occurrence of this earthquake similar to the 2004 Aceh earthquake
8. Rat Island, Alaska, in 1965 (8.7 magnitude)
Alaska being the only country that triggered a 10 meter tsunami after the earthquake that occurred in the previous seven years. Earthquake alone caused only minor damage at the end of the Aleutian Islands. While the tsunami caused by the earthquake is even spread to Hawaii and Japan.
This earthquake occurred as a result of the Pacific plate pushes under the North American continental plate at a large gathering of Alaska-Aleutian plate. Impact, asphalt roads in Alaska fractured. The runway at the US Coast Guard Loran Station also heavily damaged.
7. Off the coast of Ecuador, in 1906 (8.8 Richter scale)
earthquake measuring 8.8 on the Richter scale off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia triggered a tsunami that killed 1,500 people. The tsunami was spread along the coast of Central America and San Francisco, as well as Japan.
The earthquake occurred along the boundary between the Nazca plate and the South American plate. Many ships sailing when it turned back after seeing the sea have ups abruptly.
6. Offshore Maule, Chile 2010 (8.8 magnitude)
Five years ago at least 500 people died and 800 thousand people displaced by the earthquake and tsunami. More than 1.8 million people were affected. Total economic losses were estimated at US $ 30 billion, or equivalent to Rp 389 trillion. The epicenter occurred along the boundary between the Nazca and South American plates.
5. Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia, 1952 (9.0 Richter scale)
earthquake is an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale was recorded first. Struck off the east coast of Kamchatka, the earthquake triggered a tsunami as high as 13 meters. Not only in Russia, the tsunami hit Crescent City, California, United States.
There was no casualties from this earthquake, but some areas of Hawaii suffered losses of property damage was estimated at US $ 1 million. The tsunami waves also threw the ship sailing on the high seas to the edge of the beach, destroying piers, and entered the city streets.
4. East Coast of Honshu, Japan, in 2011 (9.0 magnitude)
On March 11, 2011, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale triggered a tsunami that killed 29 thousand people and destroying some of Japan’s nuclear reactors. This earthquake is the largest earthquake ever in the country of the Rising Sun. Sebanyk 50 aftershocks measuring 6.0 on the Richter scale struck Honshu.
This large earth tremors caused by the impulse plate near the trough of Japan, right on the boundary between the Pacific tectonic plate and the North America. Pacific plate pushed down into the North American plate.
3. Remove the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia, in 2004 (9.1 magnitude)
earthquake is the largest earthquake in the world and the third largest since the earthquake in Prince William Sound, Alaska, in 1964. This earthquake triggered a tsunami 13 meters high that destroyed most great Aceh Province and some other areas on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia.
The total death toll is estimated at 227 thousand people and left 1.7 million people displaced. A total of 14 countries in Southeast Asia and East Africa also received submissions quake caused tsunami Aceh. The epicenter is due to release a boost pressure between mainland India and Burma plates.
2. Prince William Sound, Alaska, in 1964 (9.2 magnitude)
shocks triggered earth nearly 20 meter high tsunami and claimed 128 lives, and caused a loss of US $ 311 million. Earthquake damage occurred in many cities, including Anchorage, about 120 kilometers northwest of the epicenter.
The earthquake rupture along the seismically active fault between the North American and Pacific plates. Getara lasted for three minutes.
1. Chile, 1960 (9.5 Richter scale)
Around 1,655 people were killed by the biggest quake ever recorded in history. Thousands more were injured and millions of people lost the high ground. Southern Chile also suffered material losses of US $ 550 million. The earthquake caused by snapping the Nazca plate under South American plate this triggered a tsunami that killed 61 people in Hawaii, 138 in Japan and 32 people in the Philippines.